SpringBoot Web Security

If you want to add security to your SpringBoot project and don’t know how… then continue reading this article. Here we will go step by step on how to add security to  SpringBoot Project. And it can be done as quickly as 5 minutes. In addition to security, this will also add a smooth-looking Login Page automatically in your project. Therefore, you won’t even have to worry about how to authorize users either. Let’s get started. 

Table of Content

  • Adding Dependencies
  • Creating SecurityConfigurer Class for Intercepting all Incoming HTTP Calls
  • Creating MyUserDetailService Class for Matching Security Credentials

STEP 1:Adding Dependencies

In the first place, to add security to your SpringBoot project, you need to add the following dependencies in the POM.xml file of your project. 


STEP 2: Intercepting All Incoming HTTP Calls

Now we need to create a class called “SecurityConfigurer.java” which will extend from an interface called WebSecurityConfigurereAdapter. And then adding “@EnableWebSecurity annotation to this class. With this annotation, you are allowing this class to intercept incoming HTTP calls and checking if it’s authorized or not. Just add the following code in the class: 

					import com.example.java_crud_api_mysql.service.MyUserDetailService; 
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired; 
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Bean; 
import org.springframework.context.annotation.Configuration; 
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.authentication.builders.AuthenticationManagerBuilder; 
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.EnableWebSecurity; 
import org.springframework.security.config.annotation.web.configuration.WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter; 
import org.springframework.security.crypto.password.NoOpPasswordEncoder; 
import org.springframework.security.crypto.password.PasswordEncoder; 
public class SecurityConfigurer extends WebSecurityConfigurerAdapter { 
    public MyUserDetailService myUserDetailService; 
    protected void configure(AuthenticationManagerBuilder auth) throws Exception { 
    public PasswordEncoder passwordEncoder() { 
        return NoOpPasswordEncoder.getInstance(); 

STEP 3: Matching Security Credentials

Lastly, we need to create a service class called MyUserDetailService which will extend from UserDetailsService. This UserDetailService comes from ‘WebSecurityConfigurereAdapter’ class. Simply copy the below code into this class.  

					import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.User; 
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetails; 
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UserDetailsService; 
import org.springframework.security.core.userdetails.UsernameNotFoundException; 
import org.springframework.stereotype.Service; 
import java.util.ArrayList; 
public class MyUserDetailService implements UserDetailsService { 
    public UserDetails loadUserByUsername(String username) throws UsernameNotFoundException{ 
        return new User("john", "doe", new ArrayList<>()); 

Alright so what happens here is, when the user enters login credentials, it will be directed to this class. It will then be matched with the correct credentials, which I’ve hard-coded here for this article. Username: “john” and password: “doe” are the actual credentials. They are not the ones that the user entered. So, you can fetch the correct password from either your database or other secure sources. 

And that’s all there is to it. Let’s run the service see the frontend on the browser. Whichever path you choose, it will be intercepted, and this login page would be shown to you first for authentication.  

Login Screen After SprinBoot Security Enabled
Login Screen After SprinBoot Security Enabled

That’s a wrap! 

I hope this article was helpful in explaining how to add security to SpringBoot project. Hope this gives you enough confidence to try it in your next or even the current project. Please like and share this article with others.  

Have a great one!